Professional artists dependent upon wealthy patrons risked losing business as a result of partisan attitudes.
Some left Tennessee, moving either north or further south to avoid having to take sides publicly.
Thomas Waterman Wood moved to Louisville in neutral Kentucky.
Washington Cooper and his family were forced into a small portion of their home in Nashville
after Union soldiers requisitioned it for hospital use. His brother William moved north to Henderson,
Kentucky. Many who stayed toed the line of neutrality, like painter-photographer
George Dury and photographer
Carl Giers. Some put their careers on hold.
Robert Loftin Newman entered the Confederate quartermaster corps when his request to take part
as a war artist was denied. In East Tennessee, several members of a community of activist pottery makers
risked their lives to try and save the Union, in part by burning railroad bridges essential to Confederate